Discover our surroundings!

In this section we show you a brief description of the most emblematic places you can visit and that are just a few kilometres away from our rural tourism complex. The mosque of Cordoba, with its spectacular lights and sound, the Alcazar of the Christian kings, Baeza or Úbeda. All these town and monuments you can explore, through routes that are not more thanahour away. A myriad of activities you can join and then rest in our rural tourism accommodation with our spa and the tourist attraction of these towns that we show below

Our environment

The human presence goes back to the metal age (S. III BC).

The old age is observed in the exploitation of the minerals of the zone (mainly copper, tin and lead) of Venta del Charco, Cerro del Águila, Mañuelas, Azuel - Tesorillo de Azuel - y Almadenejos. Ya en la Baja Edad Media (1397), Enrique III concede a la ciudad de Córdoba doce ventas francas en los caminos que iban de Almodóvar del Campo y la actual Ciudad Real por Adamuz y El Villar, algunas de las cuales se situaban en el futuro término de Cardeña (Venta de Los Locos, Venta Velasco, Venta de la Cruz, Venta del Cerezo, Ventas Nuevas). En el camino de Montoro a Fuencaliente, que cruzaba una zona despoblada del Noreste, surgieron las Ventas de la Chaparrera, Venta del Charco, Venta Nueva de San Antonio, Cardeña, El Cerezo y Azuel, documentadas al menos ya en el siglo XVI y englobadas en el entonces término de Montoro. Es alrededor de estas ventas el lugar en el que se aglutinan los colonos que desde el siglo XVIII comenzaron a roturar el terreno, donde se conformarán los actuales núcleos de población. En 1930 un proceso independentista culmina con la segregación de Cardeña, Azuel y Venta del Charco del Ayuntamiento de Montoro, constituyéndose entre los tres núcleos de población el Ayuntamiento más joven de la provincia de Córdoba.

Cardeña is a Spanish municipality in the province of Córdoba, Andalusia. In the year 2005 it had 1,761 inhabitants.

The first sedentary occupations correspond to the beginning of the age of metals, in copper Age, between 3000 and 2500 BC. In the case of Cardeña it seems probable that its first settlers were established by the richgness of minerals in its municipal term, since the found remains are usually accompanied by mining remains. In the NE of Torrubia there is a copper vein, known and exploited, at least since Roman times. In 1930 an independence process, gestated from Cardeña, culminates with the segregation of Montoro and the constitution of the first city council, being the youngest municipality in the province of Córdoba…

When, from the valley of the Guadalquivir the traveler faces the lands of the Sierra de Cardeña and Montoro meets a steep step that, once overcome, extends the horizon through the Dehesa Pedrocheña in a display of calm and serenity.

  This natural space, located in the northeast corner of the province of Córdoba, forced passage between the Guadalquivir Valley and Castile, was until just over a century ago a continuous forest mass dotted with sales and inns. During the nineteenth century, to gain farmland, grazed mount transforming in a young dehesa, prolongation of the neighboring Pedroches, where they are the Iberian pork and cows of native breed (Retinta and Ciego de Ávila)..

  While in the meadow predominate large bowling of elongated forms or "loins of whale", like those present in the villages of Azuel and sale of the puddle, at the ends of the Dehesa, the mares and Sandy Rivers have created a mountainous, abrupt ridge, where their waters are embedded in Creating a spectacular scenery.

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  In general, the vegetation that dominates is composed of a mixed forest of Holm oak, Cork oak and, when the humidity is greater, quejigo and a singular oak melojo. In the ridges of the central meadow, when the relief becomes more complex, Solana and Umbria condition the present vegetation: Kermes, jarales and acebuches leave place in Umbria to Madroños, Heather Durillos and Cornicabra. Stags and fallow deer graze here under the watchful eye of a good cast of raptors-the Iberian and Royal Imperial Eagle, the black and Griffon vulture-and stork, both common and black. In the most enclosed mountain, next to the wild boar appear other species of interest such as Lynx, Badger, Mongoose Fox, Genet and Royal Owl.  

By the south there is a historic olive grove, now ecological, which shelters sheep Segureña transhumane and gives way as we ascend to a forest of pine pinyon and Resino that colonize the definitive transit to the dehesa, place with ample presence of rabilargos, magpies and brood. In the two main rivers of the natural park there is an interesting population of otters that shares habitat with the water blackbird, Kingfisher and tortoise leper.  

Chapter of interest is the presence of fungi and mushrooms, as next to the Níscalo appear other varieties such as Blue Foot, Gallipierno and turma of land; Although the real protagonist mycological of the natural park is the pheasant of Jara.  

On the Guadalquivir, as a watchtower that controls the important crossroads on which it stands, Montoro is the greatest monumental exponent of this space: the Ducal House, the parishes of Our Lady of Carmen and San Bartolomé or the building of the running down accordingly , Museum of the Olive Tree, are only a sample that is complemented by the popular architecture of the villages, like Venta El Charco, and the Molinas, old Mills raised on a red rock, the flaxseed. There are also artisans who continue to make what the earth gives a work of art; Thus appear masters of Honey, marzipan, esparto, Cork,…And even the most artisan footwear. The presence of gentle slopes determines an excellent setting for trekking, but also for equestrian and cycling routes, taking advantage of bridges, such as the donated ones, or old Roman roads that cross these lands. As we ascend, where the control of the roads is fundamental, the history has been moted of bastions the hillocks, as is the case of the castle of Azuel or the watchtowers of the Mañuelas and the Escorial. But it is the lesser architecture, as a tool of the economy, that identifies the dehesa, appearing everywhere troughs, fences and walls made with the hard raw material that supports it: granite. The marsh of the Tejoneras, just over six kilometres from Cardeña, allows Birdwatchers to find an enclave of great interest here. For those who seek tranquility, the autumn-winter transit is interesting by the collection of mushrooms or the observation of the bellowing, that the lover of the traditions can combine with the appreciation of the breeding of the Iberian pig in the Dehesa and the visit a center which produces their meat.

Córdoba

Córdoba is a city in Andalusia, Spain, capital of the homonymous province, located in a depression on the banks of the Guadalquivir and at the foot of Sierra Morena. It is the third largest and most populated city in Andalusia after Seville and Malaga. Today it is a city of medium size, in whose old town we can still contemplate buildings with architectural elements of when Cordoba was the capital of Hispania Ulterior in times of the Roman Republic, or of the Bética province during the Roman Empire and the Caliphate of Cordoba during the Muslim era, whose leaders governed a large part of the Iberian peninsula. According to the archaeological testimonies, the city had around one million inhabitants around the 10th century, being the largest, most cultured and opulent city in the world.1 Mosques, libraries, baths and souks abounded. in the city, creating the bases of the European Renaissance. During the long European Middle Ages, in "Corduba" letters and sciences flourished. The city counted on multitude of sources, public illumination and sewage system, during the time of caliphal splendor. Its historic center was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1994. Ten years earlier, in 1984, it had been the Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba.2 It was a candidate for the European cultural capital for 2016, being a finalist to represent Spain.3 In addition, the Fiesta de los Patios Cordobeses was designated an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in December 2012.4 Córdoba was the birthplace of three great philosophers: the Roman Stoic Seneca, the Muslim Averroes and the Jewish Maimonides. The poets Lucano, Ibn Hazm, Juan de Mena, Luis de Góngora and Ángel de Saavedra, also known as the Duke of Rivas, were also born in Córdoba. 266px-Puente_romano_y_mezquita
The Mosque-cathedral of Córdoba, 1 2 before «Santa María Madre de Dios» or «Great Mosque of Córdoba», currently known as the Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady in an ecclesiastical way, or simply Mezquita de Córdoba in general, is A building in the city of Cordoba, Spain. It is one of the most important monuments of Islamic architecture in Spain, as well as the most emblematic example of Umayyad Hispanic art. From the thirteenth century and until today is a Catholic temple, the cathedral church of the Diocese of Cordoba. It is declared a World Heritage Site as part of the historic center of the city.3 It began to be built as a mosque in the year 785, after the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, in the place occupied by the Visigothic basilica of San Vicente Mártir, the most important Christian temple in the city. The building was extensions during the Emirate of Cordoba and the Caliphate of Cordoba. In 1238, after the Reconquest, his consecration was carried out as a cathedral with the episcopal ordination of his first bishop, Lope de Fitero.4 In 1523 the greatest alteration of the monument was made with the construction of a cruciform basilica in plateresque Renaissance style. The center of the Muslim building. Today the whole is the most important monument of Cordoba, and also of all Andalusian architecture, along with the Alhambra. With 23,400 square meters, it was the second largest mosque in the world on the surface, behind the Mecca Mosque, only later reached by the Blue Mosque (Istanbul, 1588). One of its main characteristics is that its qibla wall was not oriented towards Mecca, but 51º degrees farther south, something usual in the al-Ándalus mosques. The building houses the cathedral chapter of the Diocese of Córdoba, and any collective worship or organized non-Catholic prayer is also prohibited.5 It is declared a monument of cultural interest in the category of monument2 and is also one of the most visited tourist areas in Spain and is It has been considered the first of the 12 Treasures of Spain.6 It has been awarded as the best site of tourist interest in Europe and sixth in the world. 300px-Mezquita_de_Córdoba_desde_el_aire_(Córdoba,_España)
Córdoba lived a splendid time when three peoples (Christian, Jewish and Muslim) with their corresponding religions coexisted peacefully, offering the world example of tolerance and intelligent civilization. The three Babel languages ​​managed to coexist and each village to pray in harmony and in their own languages ​​to their god. Walking through the Jewish Quarter, along the Calle de los Judíos we find today a magnificent bronze statue dedicated to Maimonides, the great philosopher and Jewish doctor from Cordoba. He sought truth, the meaning of life, sought knowledge, the reason that allows men to be better. Maimonides rejected blind faith in creeds, in that fanaticism that annuls all freedom of thought and action. Maimonides enjoyed that Córdoba of freedom, of respect for the other. The majority of the Jewish people then lived under the rule of Islam, and that was when the long and brilliant period of the Jewish-Arab symbiosis of Cordoba began. During the four centuries of Umayyad hegemony, the cultural, artistic and commercial activities of the Muslims made Al-Andalus the most cultured country in Europe. Historians speak with admiration of Cordoba, capital of the Umayyad Caliphate, which became a magnificent cultural center with its lakes and parks, glittering palaces and mosques. The court attracted and exercised its patronage over poets and philosophers, men of letters and sciences. During the tenth century Cordoba was the largest economic and cultural center of the West and an example of coexistence between different cultures, Jews, Christians and Muslims. In 756 the Omeya Abd-al-Rahman I, made Cordoba the capital of Muslim Spain and for the next 250 years it became one of the largest commercial and intellectual centers in the world. In 929, Abd-al-Rahman III, proclaimed the caliphate and the city reached its maximum splendor in rivalry with Damascus and Baghdad, centers of great economic and intellectual prosperity. From the eleventh century, with the disintegration of Muslim power in Spain, part of the cultural achievement of Cordoba was lost, although it remained the center of literati and scholars. In the twelfth century he highlighted the activity of the philosophers Averroes and Maimonides. In 1236 Fernando III the Saint took the city and integrated it into the Kingdom of Castile. Córdoba was and still is today a living example of multicultural and multi-ethnic reality, a reflection of what has been its bi-millenary history, drawn from the different civilizations, cultures, religions, philosophies and ideologies that have been forged, despite some periods of intransigence and persecutions, the image of a city in which it is possible the coexistence between diverse people who belong to different races, practice different religions and have different ideologies. 220px-Cordoba-Straße10
The Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos, is a building of military character ordered to be built by King Alfonso XI of Castile in the year 1328, on previous constructions (the Andalusian Alcázar, former residence of the Roman Governor and the Customs Office, located on one of the margins of the Guadalquivir River), in Córdoba, Spain. The architectural ensemble has a sober character in its exterior and splendid in its interior, with the magnificent gardens and patios that maintain a Mudejar inspiration. The Alcázar has been declared a Site of Cultural Interest since 1931. It is part of the historic center of Córdoba that was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1994. . Alcázar_de_los_Reyes_Cristianos_(14149424950)
Montoro is a Spanish municipality in the province of Córdoba, Andalusia. In the year 2013 it had 9801 inhabitants. Its surface area is 586.1 km² and it has a density of 16.4 inhabitants / km². Its geographical coordinates are 38º 01 'N, 4º 22' O. It is located at an altitude of 195 meters and 41 kilometers from the provincial capital, Córdoba. The urban area is located at 195 meters above sea level, in the contact zone of Sierra Morena with the countryside, located on a promontory inside the embedded meander that forms the Guadalquivir River. Since 2013, the meander of the Guadalquivir River, passing through Montoro, has the category of Natural Monument, the river forms a very sharp curvature, which is encased in the Paleozoic materials of the foothills of the Sierra Morena, which represents one of the best examples of epigenetic meander nationwide. This section of the river forms part of a Site of Community Interest (SCI) and constitutes the southern entrance to the Sierras de Cardeña y Montoro Natural Park, being located in a privileged position, since from it the town of Montoro can be seen, It has been declared an Artistic Historic Site since 1969.1 Its municipal area occupies an approximate area of ​​581 km2, comprising both the northern sierra, the vega and the countryside to the south. A large area of ​​its northern area is a protected natural area, as part of the Sierra de Cardeña Montoro Natural Park. The presence of human settlements in Montoro is attested by archaeological remains from prehistoric times. Guadalquivirˌgwädlkiˈvir Definiciones de Guadalquivir sustantivo a river in southern Spain, in Andalusia. It flows for 410 miles (657 km) through Cordoba and Seville to reach the Atlantic Ocean northwest of Cadiz.
As an urban nucleus it is speculated on with the possibility that it was a foundation of the Greek colonizers, who would have named it Aypora or Eipora, although this has not been proved convincingly. Yes, the existence of an Iberian nucleus in the Llanete de los Moros is fully demonstrated, where archaeological excavations have brought to light architectural structures and grave goods, currently exhibited in the Provincial Archaeological Museum of Cordoba, based in the capital. These remains are dated around the years 4500-5000 a. C. At the end of the III century a. C. the city of Epora is immersed in the Second Punic War, which will lead to sign a foedus with the Roman Republic around 206 BC. C .; along with Gades, will be one of the civitas foederata of the Bética, which shows its importance, especially towards the end of the first century BC. C. Epora is located in the layout of the Via Augusta and is named in both the Itinerary of Antoninus and in the Apollonian Vessels. Of this period highlights a thoracata sculpture exhibited in the local museum, as well as several inscriptions. After the Visigoth and Muslim period, the city is definitely conquered by the Christian King Ferdinand III the Saint on the day of St. Bartholomew (August 24) of 1238, according to some authors, or 1240 according to others. Hence, this saint was appointed patron of the city and head of his parish church. It belonged to the Council of Córdoba until the middle of the seventeenth century passed into the hands of the Marquis of El Carpio, Luis Méndez de Haro and Sotomayor, whose noble house belonged until the nineteenth century were abolished seigneurial rights. The behavior of his neighbors during the Napoleonic invasion earned him the title of "Very Noble, Loyal and Patriotic" ("Very Noble, Loyal and Patriotic City of Montoro"). After knowing the inhabitants of Montoro the abuses committed by the French in Córdoba capital, they decided a strategy of deception, which would make the French believe that they were well received in Montoro, and then finish with as many as they could. Several times this was repeated with the result that Montoro was the only independent point in all of Spain that the French left behind. However, this situation of "island on land" cost him not a few lives and a big drop in productivity and birth rate, leaving the population very small. Only after more than 30 years (around 1840), the population had regained its value of 1808. 12

Jaén

Jaén is a city and Spanish municipality of the autonomous community of Andalusia, capital of the homonymous province. It holds the title of "Very Noble and Very Loyal City of Jaén, Guardian and Defending of the Reynos de Castilla" and is known as the "capital of the Holy Kingdom" .4 In 2012, it has a population of 116,731 inhabitants according to the INE, 5 which is approximately one sixth of the population of the entire province. The city is part of the metropolitan area of ​​Jaén of which it is the capital, and absorbs a third of the total population of the province of Jaén. Its surface area is 424.30 km².6 It is also the seat of the judicial party number 1 of the province7 and of the homonymous diocese. It stands at the foot of the hill of Santa Catalina, with steep streets and steep slopes that define its urbanism, widening towards the flatter and wider areas of the new neighborhoods and boulevards. In its surroundings abound fertile lands, and extensive olive groves that cover great part of its term. To the south and the southeast are the sierras of Jaén and Jabalcuz, and to the north the plain of the Guadalbullón river is abre, that happens to very short distance from the city. Due to its situation, Jaén has had a great strategic importance, having found in its urban nucleus several of the oldest human settlements in Europe.8 In the same way, it was very important in the history of al-Andalus and the Kingdom of Castile. The most important economic activity in the province of Jaén is the production of olive oil, being the world's largest producer, which is evident under the motto that receives the city, as "World Capital of olive oil." In this sense, since 1983 the city has hosted BienalExpoliva, an international fair of worldwide reference dedicated to the olive oil and related industries sector, currently held at the Jaén Institución Ferial.9 However, the economy is also based on the services sector, the administration, the agricultural and food industry, construction, and an incipient cultural tourism. Among its historic-artistic heritage include the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin, the castle with its three Alcazars, the Arab Baths and the emblematic Monument to the Battles, located in the central Plaza de las Batallas, which commemorates the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa and the Battle of Bailén, both occurred in the province of Jaén. The most representative popular festivities of Jaén are the "Lumbres de San Antón", which are held on the night of January 16 to 17. During that night the International Urban Race of San Antón Night is held. In October, the San Luke. Its origin dates from the 14th century, its big day being October 18th. Special mention has the Holy Week of Jaén, declared a Festival of National Tourist Interest, 10 having great expectation the procession of «The Grandfather», during the early morning of Good Friday.
Úbeda es una ciudad española y un municipio de la provincia de Jaén, capital de la comarca de La Loma de Úbeda, en la comunidad autónoma de Andalucía. La ciudad, junto a la cercana Baeza, fue declaradaPatrimonio Cultural de la Humanidad por la Unesco el 3 de julio de 2003, debido a la calidad y buena conservación de sus numerosos edificios renacentistas y de su singular entorno urbanístico.2 Llamada «la ciudad de los cerros», Úbeda está enclavada sobre una eminencia en la famosa comarca de La Loma, volcada hacia el valle del Guadalquivir, frente a la imponente Sierra Mágina, y cerca del centro geográfico de la provincia. Constituye un importante centro de atracción, cuenta con hospital comarcal, centros educativos y escuelas universitarias (UNED y SAFA), delegaciones de Hacienda y de la seguridad social, juzgados, capitanía de zona, Centro del Profesorado (CEP),3 etc., derivando en uno de los índices de centralidad más altos de toda Andalucía. Según el anuario de La Caixa, se trata de la capital de una de las provincias económicas de España, con una población flotante de más de 200.000 habitantes que acude habitualmente a comprar en ella. Su riqueza de hoy corresponde a su esplendor antiguo. Úbeda vive principalmente del sector terciario, el comercio y la administración, que ocupan el 49% de la población activa. Pero además el peso de la agricultura es enorme, siendo el centro neurálgico del olivar y de la producción aceitera, y uno de los mayores productores y envasadores de la provincia de Jaén de aceite de oliva, piedra angular de toda su economía. De hecho, la comarca de La Loma viene siendo la mayor productora mundial, con un 15% de toda la producción aceitera mundial. Otras actividades complementarias son la industria, la ganadería y un incipiente turismo cultural.
Baeza es un municipio de España, la ciudad capital1 de dicho municipio y cabeza del partido judicial homónimo. Se encuentra en el mismo centro geográfico de la provincia de Jaén (al noreste de la Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía) enclavada en la comarca de La Loma de la que se considera su capital occidental. En la actualidad es conocida por su ingente producción olivarera, su abundante legado monumental (habiendo sido declarada, junto a Úbeda, ciudad Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco),2 y por ser sede universitaria desde el siglo XVI, albergando hoy día una de las sedes de la Universidad Internacional de Andalucía. Denominada "Nido Real de Gavilanes" por el romancero, fue un punto clave en la conquista de al-Ándalus por los reyes cristianos; pasando definitivamente al reino de León en 1227. Atalaya sobre el Guadalquivir, la posesión de su alcázar (considerado como inexpugnable) aseguró la retaguardia leonesa, a la vez que supuso una amenaza constante para los reinos islámicos situados al oeste y al sur del Guadalquivir; una amenaza que se hizo efectiva durante los más de dos siglos de lucha fronteriza que separaron la incorporación de Baeza al reino de Castilla y la caída del reino nazarí de Granada (1492). Durante el período de gran crecimiento demográfico y económico que supuso la mayor parte del siglo XVI, y aún en parte del XVII, Baeza construyó sus edificios públicos y administrativos con alto sentido de capitalidad y con la más alta dignidad, en 1943 se funda en Baeza la academia de la escala básica de suboficiales de la guardia civil constituyendo así junto con las construcciones eclesiásticas, un tejido urbano caracterizado por una monumentalidad que ha dado a la ciudad un encanto evidente a los ojos del visitante actual.